Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.
Miguel’s feelings of tiredness, irritability and having difficulty focusing can certainly fall into the psychodynamic equation since behavior, feelings, and emotions demonstrated on a conscious and subconscious level may determine how we relate to earlier experiences.
From a behavioral perspective, Miguel’s decision to stir up confrontations with his roommates and his anger that he turns on himself suggests that he is responding to stimulus, a result of his contact with the environment that he finds unpleasant.
When looking at Miguel’s situation using a humanistic perspective, this lens speaks to understanding the reasons a person behaves the way they do based on if they feel safe and cared about, if they feel like their goals are being met and if they feel capable. Although Miguel is a perfectionist, he is having difficulty with his studies and doubts his abilities which show that his sense of belonging, confidence, and self-actualization are in jeopardy.
The cognitive approach can be used to look at Miguel’s behavior because it focuses on how a person thinks and how that process impacts his behavior. Since aggression is a behavior, the neuroscience aspect of psychology also comes into play when Miguel begins to lash out at his roommates because he is feeling low. Interestingly, the neuroscience perspective suggests that no matter how carefully Miguel was raised and even though he may have had great experiences up until this point, his genetic makeup takes over and will rule his actions, not environmental stimulus.
The cultural perspective suggests that Miguel is a product of his surroundings and his background shapes the way he reacts to situations. I think more information about Miguel is needed to fill in the blanks using this approach.